Open head injuries are among the most severe types of car accident injuries.
They result when the force of impact to the head is significant enough to penetrate the soft tissue of the head and scalp into the skull.
Types of Open Head Injuries
There are four classifications of open head injuries, and depending on the severity, victims may be left fighting for their lives.
Linear Skull Fracture – This is the most common and least severe open head injury that results from a car accident. It means the skull fractured but not enough for it to expose the brain’s soft tissue. Even though it is not as severe, victims can still suffer from long-term symptoms.
Basilar Skull Fracture – Basilar fractures take place at the base of the skull, which can cause complications with fluid leaking from the brain.
Depressed Skull Fracture – In this type of fracture, skull fragments can penetrate the brain, causing problems such as bruising, bleeding, and severe brain damage. The result can be the loss of all normal human functions.
Diastatic Skull Fracture – These fractures are sustained at the part of the skull that fuses when growing from childhood to adulthood.
Open head injuries are not always apparent on the scene. Common symptoms include:
- Loss of motor functions
- Unequal pupil sizes
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bleeding from the head
- Abnormal behavior
- Stiffness in the neck
- Severe, incurable headaches